Related Projects

Other Projects Funded under the GV-02-2016 Topic

This is a list of projects similar to SUREAL-23, funded under the GV-02 topic of the H2020 research framework programme. As for SUREAL-23, one of the main goals of the projects summarized below is the investigation of Sub 23nm particle emissions.

h2020

DownToTen – Measuring automotive exhaust particles down to 10 nanometres

ID: 724085
Start date: 2016-10-01, End date: 2019-09-30

DownToTen will seek to develop a reliable and robust methodology to enhance the regulatory approach in the assessment of particle number emissions in the sub 23nm region (down to at least 10nm), focusing on state-of-the art automotive powertrains with direct injection gasoline engines, but also diesel ones, under real-world operation conditions. To this end, DownToTen will first investigate and quantitatively describe the nature and the characteristics of nanoparticles.

Programme: H2020-EU.3.4.
Record Number: 205600

h2020

PaREGEn – Particle Reduced, Efficient Gasoline Engines

ID: 723954
Start date: 2016-10-01, End date: 2019-09-30

PaREGEn addresses the short term scope of the GV-02 call via research into and the innovation of gasoline engines for light duty vehicles. Specifically, engines used in mid to premium passenger cars will be addressed. With the electrification smaller vehicles, focusing on larger cars is especially important: the need for clean, efficient & economic engines for inter-urban transport is more urgent and effective to resolve the challenges of air quality, decarbonisation & cost-effective mobility.

Through using state of the art techniques, like optical engines, modelling & simulation tools (for new control strategies or understanding particle formation) and applying new engine componentry, the optimal trade-off between efficiency & emissions will be found. Of attention will be the control of particle numbers between 10 to 23nm. This learning will be used in two, manufacturer lead vehicle demonstrations. These demonstrators will use downsized engines not yet on the market. The two approaches will use different combustion, dilution, fuel injection, boosting and aftertreatment systems. Completion of the project will show the way forward to a 15% CO2 reduction along with real driving emissions limits. If adopted across all light vehicles these short term engine innovations will reduce the EU vehicle parc emissions by ~2MtCO2 in 2025, 10nm in 2030. As well as improving EU competitiveness, a valuable contribution from PaREGEn will be new tools: to benefit engine design, development & control in general, long after project completion.

PaREGEn has partners from EUCAR, CLEPA & EARPA; it is organized so learning from other projects in GV02 can be integrated. Experience from the PMP project and those proposed on particle measurement systems will be included via the partners & suppliers of PN-PEMS. PaREGEn’s partners give a global link to other nationally funded activities and, specifically, specialists in advisory roles will bring expertise from USA & Japan.

Programme: H2020-EU.3.4.
Record Number: 205466

h2020

PEMs4Nano – Portable Nano-Particle Emission Measurement System

ID: 724145
Start date: 2016-10-01, End date: 2019-09-30

The PEMs4Nano project (P4N) addresses the development (based on current direct injection gasoline engines) of measurement procedures down to 10nm, providing a contribution to future regulation on particle emissions, in particular in real driving conditions. The activities planned in the project will also support the understanding, measurement and regulation of particle emissions below 23 nm (with the threshold of at least 10 nm).

Societal concerns for the environment include both fuel consumption and noxious emissions, as well as the awareness that meeting CO2-goals with newest technologies may also lead to the emission of smaller nanoparticles that are undetected by current certification procedures. Hence P4N has the goal to develop measurement procedures that are robust and reliable for both the development of the new engine technologies, as well as serving as a solid basis for new regulations. This has the advantage of establishing a solid content link between development activities and regulation. Two complementary measurement systems will be optimized for use in the development laboratory and for mobile testing based on current technologies. Given the numerous parameters associated with the engine (combustion and exhaust systems) technologies and measurement procedures; physico-chemical and data-driven simulations combined with optimization is proposed to establish valuable correlations between measurements made in the development laboratory and thus finally those measured on the road.

PEMs4nano thus proposes a two path approach that connects tailpipe measurements with the origin and the evolution of the particles, resulting in a seamless approach from the laboratory to the field test capabilities. Investigations of particle characteristics (incl.composition, size and morphology) and their influence on successful measurements will also be carried out using various load profiles that make up real-driving to validate the application of the measurement procedure.

Programme: H2020-EU.3.4.
Record Number: 205453

h2020

UPGRADE – High efficient Particulate free Gasoline Engines

ID: 724036
Start date: 2016-10-01, End date: 2019-09-30

The UPGRADE project aims to support the transition to a high efficient, cleaner and affordable powertrain technology systems, based on Spark Ignited GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection) approach, suitable for future Light Duty applications. The project also includes a deep analysis of the phenomenon of the formation of the nanoparticles in relationship to the engine design and its operating conditions and, with regard to the after-treatment solutions, the study and development of new Gasoline Particulate Filter (GPF) technologies.

To increase the engine efficiency under Real Driving conditions, the following steps will be carried out:
– address stoichiometric combustion approach on the “small” size engine and lean-burn combustion approach on the “medium” size one
– study and develop the best combinations of technologies, including advanced VVA/VVT capabilities, advanced boosting system (including electrically assisted booster operations), EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) and thermal management systems
– Explore and implement advanced fuel injection (direct) and ignition system supported by new dedicated control strategies that will be integrated in the ECU (Engine Control Unit) software.

In order to demonstrate the call overall targets (15% improvement on CO2 emissions based on the WLTP cycle and compliancy with post Euro 6 RDE standards) the project will see the realization of two full demonstrator vehicles: one B-segment vehicle, equipped with the small downsized stoichiometric engine, and one D/E vehicle equipped with the medium size lean-burn engine. The vehicle will be fully calibrated and assessed by independent testing, according to on road test procedures, using the available best representative PEMS (Portable Emission Measurement System) technology and considering also PN measurement below 23 nm diameter.

Programme: H2020-EU.3.4.
Record Number: 205607

h2020

EAGLE – Efficient Additivated Gasoline Lean Engine

ID: 724084
Start date: 2016-10-01, End date: 2020-03-31

The decrease of CO2 & particulates emissions is a main challenge of the automotive sector. European OEMs and automotive manufacturers need new long term technologies, still to be implemented by 2030. Currently, hybrid powertrains are considered as the main trend to achieve clean and efficient vehicles. EAGLE project is to improve energy efficiency of road transport vehicles by developing an ultra-lean Spark Ignition gasoline engine, adapted to future electrified powertrains. This new concept using a conventional engine architecture will demonstrate more than 50% peak brake thermal efficiency while reducing particulate and NOx emissions. It will also reach real driving Euro 6 values with no conformity factor. This innovative approach will consequently support the achievement of long term fleet targets of 50 g/km CO2 by providing affordable hybrid solution.

EAGLE will tackle several challenges focusing on:
• Reducing engine thermal losses through a smart coating approach to lower volumetric specific heat capacity under 1.5 MJ/m3K
• Reaching ultra-lean combustion (lambda > 2) with very low particulate (down to 10 nm) emission by innovative hydrogen boosting
• Developing breakthrough ignition system for ultra-lean combustion
• Investigating a close loop combustion control for extreme lean limit stabilization
• Addressing and investigating NOx emissions reduction technologies based on a tailor made NOx storage catalyst and using H2 as a reducing agent for SCR.

A strong engine modeling approach will allow to predict thermal and combustion performances to support development and assess engine performances prior to single and multi-cylinder test bench application. An interdisciplinary consortium made of nine partners from four different countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain) will share its cutting-edge know-how in new combustion process, sensing, control, engine manufacturing, ignition system, simulation & modeling, advanced coating, as well as after-treatment systems.

Programme: H2020-EU.3.4.
Record Number: 205447

Sub 23nm particle emissions

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