Partners

The Consortium Comprises the Following Partners

Main Partners

Associated Partners

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Organisation Description

The Aerosol and Particle Technology Laboratory (APTL) of the Chemical Process and Energy Resources Institute at the Centre for Research and was established in 1996 as a business unit of CPERI and currently employs 35 engineers, scientists and technicians. The objectives of APTL are to conduct basic and applied research and to develop new technological products responding to well-acknowledged market needs in the areas of clean transport and clean energy. The total budget of APTL contracts since 1996 exceeds €25M, the large majority being in Technologies for Environmental and Energy Applications. APTL performs research in the areas of Diesel emission control (with advanced nanomaterial enabled multifunctional structured reactors), controlled nanoparticle generation, separation and measurement, evaluation of the size specific biological effects of nanoparticles, diagnostics for particle measurement (with optical, aerodynamic and mobility techniques), nanoparticle and gas sensors for on-board monitoring and control and multi-sample testing units for fast screening of emission control devices among others. APTL will be the coordinating partner of the SUREAL-23 proposed project and will therefore lead WP1, WP2 and WP7.

Role in the Project

APTL will implement the coordinating and managing role of the SUREAL-23 project and will exploit its considerable expertise, know-how and testing facilities. Apart from the overall technical supervision and guidance, APTL will be responsible for the development of the relative to particle composition measurements technologies, the multiwavelength photoacoustic technology and the laser-based photoelectric charging technology taking advantage of the NKT’s developments in SCL technology. It will lead the activities for the in-depth characterization of sub-23 nm particles and will also have a major role in the definition, design and creation of the sampling and conditioning system. The laboratory will employ its engine and vehicle testing facilities for the evaluation of the technologies developed during the project, under both laboratory and on-board conditions. As project coordinator, APTL will organize the dissemination and communication activities and will also contribute to shaping solid recommendations for future particle emissions regulations.

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Organisation Description

Centro Ricerche FIAT is an industrial research organization having the mission to promote, develop and transfer innovation for providing competitiveness to its partners within the FCA (Fiat Chrysler Automobiles) group. With a full-time workforce of more than 850 highly trained professionals, CRF fulfils this task by focusing on the development of innovative products, implementation of innovative processes, development of new methodologies and training of human resources. CRF is the lead centre for the FCA group for the innovation on advanced internal combustion engines, hybrid and electric vehicles. CRF has participated in several projects within Transportation, ICT, NMP, Energy calls. Relevant initiatives were CLEANENGINE, CO2RE, POWERFUL. Moreover CRF was involved in the ADDNANO project for the qualification of innovative lubricants tested in real driving conditions using Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS).

Role in the Project

With regards to the SUREAL-23 project, CRF will be mainly involved in the testing of new developed instrumentation and methods for sub-23nm particles, both in their roller bench facilities and under real driving conditions. Their contribution to the testing platform definitions is important. They will also assist the consortium in the design of new PEMS, by setting limitations (i.e. maximum weight and size, safety concerns, etc.) and defining specifications.

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Organisation Description

IFP Énergies nouvelles is a public research and training player. It has an international scope, covering the fields of energy, transport and the environment. From research to industry, technological innovation is central to all its activities.

Its programs are hinged around 5 complementary, inextricably-linked strategic priorities:
• renewable energies: producing fuels, chemical intermediates and energy from renewable sources,
• eco-friendly production: producing energy while mitigating the environmental footprint,
• innovative transport: developing fuel-efficient, environmentally-friendly transport,
• eco-efficient processes: producing environmentally-friendly fuels and chemical intermediates from fossil
resources,
• sustainable resources: providing environmentally-friendly technologies and pushing back the current
boundaries of oil and gas reserves.

Role in the Project

IFPEN will be involved in the following areas of the SUREAL-23 project.

Project management
Due to its significant background in the clean vehicles activities, IFPEN will be able to guide the technical decisions to select suitable driving cycles, hardware configurations and singular conditions.

Sampling and in-depth characterization of tailpipe-out sub-23 nm particulate emissions
In this task, IFPEN will especially focus on particles emitted by Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) engines. Sampling and measurements will be done with dedicated devices like FPS4000, DMS500 or SMPS with nano-DMA and will focus on sub-23 nm particles. Several severe conditions like high speed driving, cold start or fuel cut-offs will be examined. These tests will be conducted on an engine test bench from the IFPEN facilities pool. Additional laboratory tests such as SEM and TEM to determine the soot morphology and IOF/VOF to assess the volatile fraction of particles will be also performed with the soot sampled from the engine exhaust.

Evaluation of new instrumentation
In this phase, IFPEN will proceed to the evaluation of the instrumentation devices developed during the SUREAL-23 project, both at laboratory scale and under real driving conditions. Like for the previous task, IFPEN will focus on the GDI engine application. Lab scale evaluation will be done on the same engine at the test bench facilities while PEMS devices will be embedded on a vehicle for real conditions testing.

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Organisation Description

Istituto Motori is part of the National Research Council of Italy and specializes in the technological development of internal combustion engines and their use as propulsion systems for land, naval and aeronautical applications, as well as in stationary power generation plants.

IM is directed towards the continuous deepening of knowledge of key chemical and physical processes underlying energy conversion, development and innovation. In this framework it develops diagnostic methodologies alternative to conventional ones and contributes to original technologies leading to industrialization. Innovation activities are mainly carried out through participation in projects of national and international level, with the involvement of small, medium and large enterprises and other research organizations, or within consultant activities carried out on specific topics, aimed at increasing the TRL (technology readiness level) of products. Some of the technological innovations deriving from the collaboration with industries have gained national or international patentability.

A further task of the institute is to train high level pre- and post-graduation students with direct involvement of the permanent staff in supervision of undergraduates, fellows and PhD students from various Italian and foreign universities. Dissemination of the results is achieved via the publication of reports, scientific papers published in international journals and the organization of conferences, workshops and seminars.

Structure: Istituto Motori comprises about 73 units of staff, of which 23 are technicians and Administrative employees, and 50 researchers and technologists. The researcher group has more than 20 years of experience in the areas of thermo-fluid dynamics of ICE, EngineFuel interaction, alternative engine fuels, engine control, design and development of high efficiency powertrain systems, alternative propulsion systems, after treatment systems and optical advanced diagnostics. The available facilities include several test benches (fully dynamic and steady) for a complete engine characterization (emissions, consumption and indicated signals)

Role in the Project

In the SUREAL-23 project, IM will provide its test bench facilities for the evaluation of the technologies developed within the framework of SUREAL-23. Furthermore, its exhaust diagnostics infrastructure will be utilized to perform a detailed emissions characterization in order to propose adaptation modes for the current PMP sampling protocol to fully exploit the newly developed systems or bypass any conflict issues.

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Organisation Description

The Sociedad Europea De Analisis Diferencial De Movilidad SL is a Spanish SME founded in February 2005 with the aim of developing a new generation of analytical instruments able to detect sub-trace elements, both in the atmosphere or within the body fluids, based on the know-how of its technical consultant and co-founder Juan Fernandez de la Mora, Yale University professor.

SEADM technology is based upon the integration of Atmospheric Pressure Photo Ionization (APPI), Electro-Spray Ionization, mass spectrometry and Differential Mobility Analysis (DMA). The company is located in Boecillo (Valladolid) about 200 km North West of Madrid, with a 250 m2 laboratory area. Currently, it has 17 employees, including 9 engineers on account of operations of manufacturing, R&D and marketing.

During the last six years, SEADM has significantly increased its commercial activities, delivering products and engineering services for advanced nano-particle measurements and vapour analysis with special focus in security and environment applications. Its range of products, http://www.seadm.com/products.html, spans from standalone equipment to technological modules (including its renowned DMA) notwithstanding the more and more demanded add-ons as mobility filters for mass spectrometers.

Role in the Project

SEADM will be mainly engaged in the development, testing and benchmarking of cutting-edge technologies for particle emission assessment including DMA’s and a new particle counter, as well as their integration as portable systems. More in detail, this includes the development of a: (i) sizing CPC, (ii) improved version of its Half Mini system specifically adapted to the emission measurement, (iii) low cost Drift DMA and (iv) portable particle measurement system.

SEADM is uniquely qualified to accomplish this work on the grounds of its long expertise in the development and commercialization of related systems, most importantly, customized for the most various applications within several sectors of research and industry.

Our company’s instrumentation, particularly in the field of nano-particle assessment, is beginning to be acknowledged as the world-wide reference, as witnessed by the growing number of publications released by independent groups during the last years

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Organisation Description

NKT Photonics A/S designs and manufactures advanced photonic crystal fibers
(PCFs), ultra-precise fiber laser and ultra-broadband supercontinuum sources. NKT is the world leading provider of supercontinuum sources, and in particular have a stronghold within bio-optical applications. By adding accessories for wavelength filtering and delivery fibers, the platform is considered the most flexible laser source in the world.

Role in the Project

NKT will provide a state-of-the art supercontinuum source including a tunable filter for flexible photoacoustic measurements and will develop visible and near-IR supercontinuum sources with beyond state-of-the art performance by increasing the pulse energy by a factor of 5 and optimizing the filtering and spectral power distribution. Further the footprint will be decrease with a factor of 5-10. As mitigation track NKT will offer tunable UV-sources (obtained by frequency doubling the supercontinuum) and/or mid-IR supercontinuum.

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Organisation Description

The Institute for Aerosol and Sensor Technology (IAST) is the competence center of the University of Applied sciences (UAS), Northwestern Switzerland for Aerosol- and Sensor Technology and Electrical Power Processing.

Role in the Project

Main role in the project is work on sensors, based on diffusion charging. In addition, FHNW has the lead in work package 6.

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Organisation Description

Yale University is a teaching and research institution located in New Haven, CT, United States.

Role in the Project

Yale Unversity will host the visit of an Engineer from SEADM for one year. professor Juan Fernandez de la Mora will advise this visitor. Access to Yale facilities will be regulated by an agreement between Yale and SEADM once an award is anticipated. Yale will not receive funds from the funding agency. SEADM will be responsible for all expenses relating to the project development, though existing facilities at the receiving lab will be available to the visitor. The objective of this visit is to study heterogeneous nucleation on subsonic and transonic nozzles with the objective to achieve a widely controllable and uniform supersaturation profile, so as to be able to determine particle size distributions without mobility separation.

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Organisation Description

TSI Inc. designs and manufactures high-tech instruments to measure flow, airborne particles, and other key parameters in different environments. Founded in 1961, TSI introduced its first particle instrument in 1966 and the first production-model Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) twelve years later. Today, TSI has a worldwide presence with over 800 employees and offers a large range of leading-edge particle research instruments. TSI instruments are used by universities, research institutions, industry, and governments, with applications from fundamental research to development work and manufacturing.

Role in the project

TSI will assist all partners by sharing their expertise in the field of particle measurement, providing training on aspects of particle technology and make available skilled TSI staff to participate in measurement campaigns. TSI will also share its experience on both designing and manufacturing advanced instruments for particle
measurement.

APTL

SUREAL-23 Project, H2020 Project, APTL, nanoparticles, particle emissions, sub 23nm particles, diesel particle emissions, GDI particle emissions, particulate emissions, green vehicles, particle measurements techniques, engine emissions, CERTH, CPERI, Technologies for low emission light duty powertrains, research project, horizons 2020, engine research greece, thessaloniki, emissions passenger cars, diesel car emissions, reduce emissions new technologies

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